SOIL AND CLIMATE
The ideal climate for rose growing should have temperature with a minimum of 150C and maximum of 280C.
Light is important factor which is decides the growth. The growth is slowed by day light. High relative humidity exposes the plant to serious fungal diseases. In tropics the ideal temperature is 250C – 300C on Sunny day on cloudy day 180C -200C.
The optimum temperature should be 150C -180C.
The plants should be watered daily until they establish and thereafter once a weak. Pruning is done during March and October. Avoid spray fluid coming in contact with Rose plants.
DEAD SHOOT REMOVAL
In the old plants the dead shoot or dried shoots on plants will serve as the host for fungi. So regularly these to be removed.
The removal of leaves is known as defoliation. It is done mainly to induce certain plant species to flower or to reduce transpiration loss during periods of stress. Defoliation may be done by removal of leaves manually or by withholding water. The shoots are defoliated after pruning.
Harvesting is done with sharp secateure at the tight bud stage when the colour is fully developed and the petals have not yet started unfolding. There should be 1-2 mature leaves (those with five leaflets) left on the plant after the flower has been cut.
POST HAREVEST HANDLING
Rose must be placed in a bucket of water inside the polyhouse immediately after harvesting and transported to cold storage (2-4 0C). The length of time depends upon the variety and quality of the roses. The flowers are graded according to the length.
VARITIES OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS
There is literally hundreds of type of chrysanthemums – with variation in height, spread, color, size of flower, bloom time and type of bloom.
GROWING CONDITIONS FOR GARDEN MUMS
- LIGHT: Full early sun, at least 5-6 hours daily.
- LOCATION: Chrysanthemums are susceptible to mildew, so keeping the plants dry is a priority. They need plenty of air circulation, water drainage, and morning sun to dry the dew on the leaves and stems. Don’t plant in low-lying, wet, compacted, or boxed I areas with little air circulation. Chrysanthemum blooming occurs in response to shortening days and longer nights, so avoid planting near streetlights or other nighttime light sources.
- SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Fertile, well-drained, sandy or loamy soil with a pH around 6.5.
- FERTILIZATION: Chrysanthemums are pretty tough and can thrive on their own, but they benefit from light and frequent feeding with a balanced fertilizer during the growing season.
Lilies are loved by gardeners everywhere. These big, bright and dependable flowers have an elegance that’s unsurpassed. If you plant several different varieties, you can have bloom all summer long.
PLANTING AND CARE
They are actually very easy to grow. They’re not particular about soil type or pH and they grow well in full sun, part sun, dappled shade and even light shade.
TYPES OF LILIES
Many gardeners don’t realize that there are several different types of lilies and each bloom at a different time during the summer
ASIATIC LILIES: (Asiatic hybrids) start the season in early to midsummer. Most have upward-facing flowers and all are hardy zones 4 to 9.To extend the Asiatic lily season, consider planting LA Hybrids, a relatively new type of lily. These plants produce larger flowers than most Asiatic, with the delicious fragrance of the Eater lily. LA Hybrids grow to 30 inches high and come in a range of clear, bright colours from cream through pink, peach, yellow, orange and red
.ORIENTAL LILIES: The season with ends with a bang when the Oriental lilies start to bloom. Intensely fragrant, with huge, flat blossoms that can be up to 10 inches across, Oriental Lilies are a fabulous in the garden or in a vase. Intensive breeding efforts have winded the range of colours. A new relative of the Oriental Lily is sometime called the Oriental Trumpet Lily, a hybrid created from Trumpet Lilies and Oriental Lilies. The result has the best qualities of its parents: upward-facing blooms and intense fragrance.